AI explained this:
When you eat spicy food, your mouth may feel spicy or burn due to the presence of a molecule called capsaicin. Capsaicin is found in hot peppers and is an alkaline, oil-based molecule that can trigger temperature-sensitive pain receptors in your mouth, even though it doesn’t actually produce heat or cause any real damage. This can cause your brain to perceive your mouth as being in danger and send back sensations of pain, leading to the burning sensation you experience.
If you find yourself with a burning mouth after eating spicy food, there are a few things you can do to help alleviate the discomfort. One option is to reach for dairy products, such as cow’s milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, or sour cream. These products contain a protein called casein, which can help break down the capsaicin molecules and provide some relief. Alternatively, you can try drinking something acidic, such as lemonade, limeade, orange juice, or a tomato-based food or drink. The acid in these options can help neutralize the alkaline capsaicin and provide some relief. Finally, you can also try eating or drinking something starchy, as the physical volume of these foods can help act as a barrier between the capsaicin and your mouth.